With the accession of Croatia on 1st of July 2013, the number of member countries in the European Union reached the massive number of 28.  This number has grown and grown over the years, especially the last 15-20 years.

The original member states, back in 1951, at the conception of the European Union, was just 6 member countries; Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.  But over the years it have steadily grown to include more and more countries.

Bricks and mortar casinos
Online casinos with land-based counterparts will often be granted a licence

According to the specialist casino portal, Casinociudad.com, one of the biggest challenges facing the online gambling industry in the 21st century is the varied and often opposing legal stances taken by the differing legal frameworks of the member states of the European Union.  Some member states, for example, have a blanket ban on online gambling, whilst others will have a governments operated monopoly offering only lotteries as legal gambling exploits.  On the gamut of e-gaming, next comes governments which only issue licenses to a state operated gambling framework, and then come the governments which allow for online licenses to be issued to a small number of casinos, based on the fact that they have a bricks and mortar casino operating within their sovereign borders.  To try to regulate / create a comprehensive coherent legal policy across the board of the European Union, you can see is an almost unachievable task.  One given to the European Commission, that it has been working on since 2012.